## Layer a raster dataset over a hillshade in Python to create a beautiful basemap that represents topography.

This lesson covers how to overlay raster data on top of a hillshade in Python and layer opacity arguments.

*last updated: 04 Sep 2019*

This lesson covers how to overlay raster data on top of a hillshade in Python and layer opacity arguments.

*last updated: 04 Sep 2019*

In this lesson you learn the steps to create a map in R using ggplot.

*last updated: 03 Sep 2019*

You can use R as a GIS. Learn how to create a map in R using ggplot in this R maps tutorial.

*last updated: 03 Sep 2019*

It is important to compare differences between tree height measurements made by humans on the ground to those estimated using lidar remote sensing data. Learn how to perform this analysis and calculate error or uncertainty in R.

*last updated: 03 Sep 2019*

This lesson reviews how to extract pixels from a raster dataset using a vector boundary. You can use the extracted pixels to calculate mean and max tree height for a study area (in this case a field site where tree heights were measured on the ground. Finally you will compare tree heights derived from lidar data compared to tree height measured by humans on the ground.

*last updated: 03 Sep 2019*

In this lesson you break down the steps required to create a custom legend for spatial data in R. You learn about creating unique symbols per category, customizing colors and placing your legend outside of the plot using the xpd argument combined with x,y placement and margin settings.

*last updated: 03 Sep 2019*

In this lesson you learn how to reproject a vector dataset using the spTransform() function in R.

*last updated: 03 Sep 2019*

This lesson discusses ways that coordinate reference system data are stored including proj4, well known text (wkt) and EPSG codes.

*last updated: 03 Sep 2019*

Geographic coordinate reference systems are often used to make maps of the world. Projected coordinate reference systems are use to optimize spatial analysis for a region. Learn about WGS84 and UTM Coordinate Reference Systems as used in R.

*last updated: 03 Sep 2019*

Coordinate reference systems are used to convert locations on the earth which is round, to a two dimensional (flat) map. Learn about the differences between coordinate reference systems.

*last updated: 03 Sep 2019*

This lesson reviews the core files that are required to use a shapefile including: shp, shx and dbf. It also covers the .prj format which is used to define the coordinate reference system (CRS) of the data.

*last updated: 03 Sep 2019*

This lesson introduces what vector data are and how to open vector data stored in shapefile format in R.

*last updated: 03 Sep 2019*

This lesson covers how to overlay raster data on a hillshade in R using baseplot and layer opacity arguments.

*last updated: 03 Sep 2019*